Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on Ozone-Depleting Substances in Mongolia


Protection of the ozone layer is a global concern. The world is making significant progress in protecting it. In particular, during the 20 years since the Montreal Protocol first came into force, a total of 191 countries have joined it. As a result, by 2006 the production of ozone-depleting substances had been reduced by over 70 percent.

Mongolia ratified the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in 1996. A series of measures were adopted to implement the protocol. In 1996–1997, the first inventory of ozone-depleting chemicals was compiled, and the “National Programme on Protection of the Ozone Layer” was adopted in 1999.

In that same year, the government of Mongolia issued a decree on the “Regulations for Issuing Permits to Import, Sell and Use Ozone-Depleting Substances” that introduced a special licensing system. Thus, a legal environment was established enabling control and reduction of imports of ozone-depleting chemicals. Moreover, the issue of ozone layer protection was included in the relevant legislation of Mongolia, providing conditions conducive to the implementation of the government policy aimed at the reduction of ozone-depleting-substance use in the country.

Owing to the fact that compliance to this special licensing by the Ministry of Nature and Environment (MoNE) was directly enforced by customs officials, Mongolian imports of ozone-depleting chemicals have decreased in recent years. In addition, the National Ozone Authority of the Ministry of Nature and Environment of Mongolia implements various measures for the reduction and replacement of ozone-depleting chemicals and conducts a wide variety of activities, including skills training for technical professionals involved in the discharging, recharging and reuse of the chemicals, as well as organizing relevant technical deliberations and discussions. As a result, total imports of ozone-depleting substances decreased by over 80 percent in 2006 from 1999.

Therefore, one can claim that due to the active initiatives taken by the government of Mongolia, the country has shown significant progress in fulfilling its commitments and implementation of comprehensive measures to protect the people and nature from ultraviolet radiation.